What you need to know about the new vaccines mandate in the United States

(CNN) — On October 24, 2018 the United States government will mandate the vaccination of children under the age of 4.

Now here’s what you need to know.

Why do we need to vaccinate children?

Vaccines are necessary and effective to help protect human health. Of the 58 different vaccines currently on the market, 42 are considered medical. Some of these vaccines protect against diseases such as measles, whooping cough, rabies, typhoid, measles, mumps, chicken pox, polio, tetanus, pertussis, hepatitis B, human papillomavirus (HPV), and hepatitis A.

Babies aged 6 to 23 months can get a series of vaccines. When administered in sequence, these vaccinations protect an infant against diseases before vaccinations are offered to other children.

The vaccine schedule also includes a few vaccines that are given to children around the age of 2. These vaccines help protect children against influenza, whooping cough, diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, polio, measles, mumps, chicken pox, mumps/sneeze, pneumococcal disease, meningococcal disease, hepatitis B, and other diseases.

Over the last few decades, rates of certain diseases have declined, such as measles, mumps, and chicken pox. Since these diseases are not as common or as contagious, it’s become easier for people to get vaccinated. Children these days can get vaccinated against diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, hepatitis B, mumps, measles, meningococcal disease, hepatitis A, meningococcal E virus, and polio without their parents ever taking them to the doctor.

In some cases, the fear that measles and some other diseases are still real can lead to hesitancy from parents about vaccinating their children. Some of this fear comes from the misinformation surrounding certain vaccines and the side effects they may have, according to the National Vaccine Information Center, and also due to a change in how the vaccines are administered.

But despite the misinformation about vaccination, the facts remain that most diseases from the past are no longer very common in the United States.

So is the new vaccination requirements here in the United States new?

In fact, the requirements for a child to be in school that age are not new. In 1973, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) began requiring that children be vaccinated against measles, mumps, and rubella as a condition of attending preschool in the United States. Under the new rules, all children age 4 and younger have to be vaccinated against three different diseases: measles, mumps, and rubella; chicken pox; and pertussis, or whooping cough.

When the CDC first began requiring vaccinations for preschool students, only a few states followed suit, according to the American Association of University Women. Now, more than 90% of the US population is required to have one of these vaccines in order to attend school.

However, there are still some states where children may not be required to be vaccinated for reasons other than health concerns.

Why is there so much debate over vaccinations?

In the past few decades, there has been a lot of information released about the benefits and risks of vaccinations. Some of this information is released by the FDA and the CDC and is taken into consideration when making recommendations. But a lot of it is not taken into consideration. According to the CDC, information from scientists and physicians on the health and efficacy of vaccines is also available on the Vaccine Confidence website.

A number of advocacy groups have been formed to work against vaccines and in favor of anti-vaccination. There are also many parents who create anti-vaccination blogs and find information about alternative methods of vaccination.

Those groups oppose vaccination on several grounds, including the idea that vaccines have not been thoroughly tested and may cause more harm than good, and that safety benefits of vaccines are being minimized by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the World Health Organization, according to CNN Money.

But most of the anti-vaccination activists who oppose vaccinations admit that they haven’t even taken a single vaccine, according to CNN.com. This and other people’s interpretation of vaccines is not supported by science.

For instance, the authors of a recent study published in Pediatrics found that in vaccinated children, antibodies against potentially deadly disease can persist in the bloodstream for more than 15 years, CNN.com reported. The human body has built up protective antibodies against some types of infectious diseases in order to eliminate and prevent them from reappearing.

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